Family Name: Orchidaceae
Native to: South and Central America
Maxillaria is a large and diverse genus of orchids with over 500 species. Orchids in this genus range widely in shape, size, and color. The large diversity of orchids within this genus has led some botanists and taxonomists to consider reorganizing or splitting this genus into several genera. The flowers, often fragrant, grow singularly on a scape arising from the base of the pseudobulbs. The genus name is derived from the Latin word Maxilla, meaning jawbone, due to the resemblance of the lip and column to a jaw. This genus is commonly referred to as the spider or tiger orchid.