Family Name: Sarraceniaceae
Native to: Southeastern United States
Sarracenia psittacina is a carnivorous plant with modified leaves, shaped like a pitcher or trumpet that attract, trap, and digest organisms for nutrients. Sarracenia psittacina thrives in the wet, low-lying patches of swampy savannas and its range stretches from southern Georgia, across the Florida panhandle to southern Mississippi.
The unusual shape of the pitcher, reminiscent of a parrot’s beak, is a cunning and deceptive trap. Unlike most Sarracenia pitchers with a wide opening, the top of the parrot pitcher is a hollow, puffed hood. Prey is lured into the narrow pitcher mouth and confused by the light shining through numerous false windows laced across the hood. The interior of the pitcher is lined with extra long needle-like hairs facing toward the base of the pitcher. The prey is forced further down into the pitcher where a pool of digestive enzymes sits at the base. At certain times of the year, Sarracenia psittacina is an aquatic hunter. The species is frequently submerged in its native swampy habitat and has been known to catch tadpoles and water arthropods while underwater.